Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11328/4512
Title: The impact of COVID-19 on memory: Recognition for masked and unmasked faces
Authors: Guerra, Natália
Pinto, Raquel
Mendes, Pedro S.
Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.
Albuquerque, Pedro B.
Keywords: COVID-19
Surgical masks
Faces
Memory
Recognition
Issue Date: 6-Oct-2022
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation: Guerra, N., Pinto, R., Mendes, P. S., Rodrigues, P. F. S., & Albuquerque, P. B. (2022). The impact of COVID-19 on memory: Recognition for masked and unmasked faces. Frontiers in Psychology, 13(960941), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.960941. Repositório Institucional UPT. http://hdl.handle.net/11328/4512
Abstract: Considering the current state of the worldwide pandemic, it is still common to encounter people wearing face protection masks. Although a safety measure against COVID-19, face masks might be compromising our capacity for face recognition. We conducted an online study where 140 participants observed masked and unmasked faces in a within-subjects design and then performed a recognition memory task. The best performance was found when there were no masks either at study and test phase, i.e., at the congruent unmasked condition. The worst performance was found for faces encoded with a mask but tested without it (i.e., masked-unmasked incongruent condition), which can be explained by the disruption in holistic face processing and the violation of the encoding specificity principle. Interestingly, considering the unmasked-masked incongruent condition, performance was probably affected by the violation of the encoding specificity principle but protected by holistic processing that occurred during encoding.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11328/4512
ISSN: 1664-1078
Appears in Collections:INPP - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais / Papers in International Journals

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