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Title: New mediation challenges: A look at the extraterritorial effectiveness of mediation agreements in the scope of international trade
Authors: Mimoso, Maria João
Keywords: International trade
Dispute settlement
Mediation agreements
Transnational effectiveness
Issue Date: Apr-2022
Publisher: Eurasia Business and Economics Society
Citation: Mimoso, M. J. (2022). New mediation challenges: A look at the extraterritorial effectiveness of mediation agreements in the scope of international trade. In 39th EBES Conference: Rome Program and Abstract Book, Rome, Italy, April 6-8 2022 (p. 21). Repositório Institucional UPT.
Abstract: The globalization of international trade has deserved attention from several international organizations in order to harmonize the regulation of commercial relations between companies. In parallel with this movement, which was triggered mainly by the United Nations Commission for International Commercial Law (UNCITRAL) and the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT), another concern arises, linked to the solution of disputes arising from those contractual relationships. In the last few decades, arbitration has been a pioneer as a privileged way of resolving conflicts in the international trade’s scope, although there has been some skepticism regarding this alternative means, especially in the context of foreign investment relations. The pandemic caused by Covid-19 has decisively contributed, due to the timely failure contracts’ compliance, for a greater reflection on the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), with emphasis on mediation because of its procedural simplicity, as it constitutes a self-reporting mechanism, with the solution being reached by the parties themselves, and, consequently, more easily feasible. In terms of international trade relations, the use of this means has been scarce, due to the lack of harmonized international regulations that facilitate the extraterritorial effectiveness of the mediation agreements reached. In this sense, the United Nations Convention on International Agreements Resulting from Mediation emerged, adopted by consensus by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2018 and signed in Singapore on 7 August 2019 (Singapore Convention). We will analyze this last instrument in conjunction with Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters, noting that no European Union state, to date, has signed that instrument. We will conclude with a critical analysis of the solutions incorporated in the Convention in order to understand the European skepticism regarding its text. We will use the deductive method starting from the analysis of the regime established in the aforementioned instruments to enumerate the main dilemmas that the Singapore Convention poses.
Appears in Collections:IJP - Resumos em Livros de Atas / Abstracts in Proceedings

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