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Title: Are individual risky behaviours relevant to healthcare allocation decisions? An exploratory study
Authors: Pinho, Micaela
Durão, Natércia
Zahariev, Boyan
Keywords: Personal responsability for health
Health-related behaviours
Risky behaviours
Health promotion
Patients prioritization
Attitudes of general public
Issue Date: 24-Mar-2022
Publisher: Emerald
Citation: Pinho, M., Durão, N., & Zahariev, B. (2022). Are individual risky behaviours relevant to healthcare allocation decisions? An exploratory study. International Journal of Health Governance, [publicado online em 24-03-2022]. Repositório Institucional UPT,
Abstract: Purpose The problematic surrounding patients' prioritization decisions are currently at the centre of political leaders' concerns. How to define whom to treat when there are not enough resources to treat everybody is the key question. This exploratory study aims to investigate the views of Bulgarian citizens regarding the relevance of the information concerning eight individual health-related behaviours in priority setting decisions: smoking, excess of alcohol, illegal drug use, overweight/obesity, speed driving, extreme sports practice, unsafe sex and overuse of internet and/or mobile devices. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected through a questionnaire where 322 respondents faced hypothetical rationing dilemmas comprising option pairs of the eight risky behaviours. Descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests were performed to define the penalization of each of the risky behaviours and to test for the association between this penalization and the respondent's health habits and sociodemographic characteristics.
Findings Most respondents would refuse to grant access to healthcare based on patients' personal responsibility for the disease. Nevertheless, respondents were more willing to consider illegal drug use, excessive alcohol consumption, engagement in unsafe sex behaviours and smoking. Respondent's own interest or advantage seems to be somehow relevant in explaining the penalization of risk behaviours in priority setting. Practical implications This study shows that most respondents support the lottery criterion and thus do not want to see lifestyle prioritization in action. Originality/value This study is the first attempt to awaken attention to the impact that personal responsibility for health may have on intergenerational access to healthcare in Bulgaria.
Description: O artigo encontra-se (à data de 06-04-2022) em "ahead-of-print", tendo sido apenas publicado online em 24 de março de 2022.
ISSN: 2059-4631 (Online)
Appears in Collections:REMIT – Artigos em Revistas Internacionais / Papers in International Journals

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