Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11328/2993
Title: Early family adversity, stability and consistency of institutional care and infant cognitive, language and motor development across the first six months of institutionalization
Authors: Baptista, Joana
Belsky, Jay
Marques, Sofia
Silva, Joana R.
Martins, Carla
Keywords: Institutionalization
Infant development
Early family adversity
Stability and consistency of institutional care
Issue Date: Nov-2019
Citation: Baptista, J., Belsky, J., Marques, S., Silva, J. R., Martins, C., & Soares, I. (2019). Early family adversity, stability and consistency of institutional care and infant cognitive, language and motor development across the first six months of institutionalization. Infant Behavior and Development, 57, 101387. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2019.101387. Disponível no Repositório UPT, http://hdl.handle.net/11328/2993
Abstract: This study extends research on the effects of institutionalization—by examining the trajectories of cognitive, language and motor development of 64 Portuguese infants and toddlers across the first six months of institutionalization, while determining whether pre-institutional adversities and the stability and consistency of institutional care predict children’s development. At time of enrollment, 23.4%, 32.8% and 31.3% of the children were moderately to severely delayed, respectively, in their cognitive, linguistic and motor functioning. Developmental problems persisted after six months of institutionalization. The accumulation of early pre-institutional adversities predicted cognitive and motor limitations at admission to the institutions, but not variation in subsequent development. The stability and consistency of institutional care also failed to predict developmental growth and change. Children who had never lived with their families of origin showed a better language development at enrollment than their counterparts who had lived with their families of origin before institutionalization. Such advantage was followed by a deceleration in language growth after six months of institutional placement. Results are discussed in terms of short- vs. longer-term effects of institutionalization.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11328/2993
ISSN: 0163-6383
Appears in Collections:INPP - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais / Papers in International Journals

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